Facts about Battle of Stalingrad. When it comes to World War II, there are a lot of unique historical facts among it. One of them is about the Battle of Stalingrad, one of the most affecting wars and the deadliest battles in WWII history. Why? Well, that battle was a turning tide of Nazi German, and it became one of the reasons why Nazi German lost to the Alliance Force later in 1945.
Nazi German operation to secure the Caucasus oil field forced them to conquer the industrial city, Stalingrad. However, Hitler’s will to win the war led him to lose it instead. It becomes one of the most fatal failures for Nazi German.
The Only Field Marshall of Nazi Who Surrendered in Stalingrad
In the history of German’s military, there is no such thing as surrender to the enemy. However, it became the first time in the battle of Stalingrad. On January 31, 1943, the only person who made that history record was General Friedrich Von Paulus. He is a soldier that was just promoted into a field marshal, but he surrendered alive to the Soviet Union. Not long after Friedrich von Paulus surrendered to the Soviet Union, the rest of the Nazi soldiers and its allies hoisted the white flag on February 2, 1943.
Order No. 277
The battle of Stalingrad became the witness of the legendary Order No. 277. That order came from the leader of the Soviet Union himself, Joseph Stalin. He ordered that all red armies must not step back once in defending Stalingrad from Nazi German’s invasion. This order also binds the civilians of Stalingrad that they have to help the Soviet Army, and they must not run away from the battle.
The order was set on July 28, 1942, and the order has shot at least 1.000 Soviet soldiers who tried to run away and arrested 24.000. In 1944, the condition of war sided with the Soviets. Joseph Stalin changed Order No. 277 with Order No. 349. This order effectively stopped the shooting of Soviet soldiers who tried to run away.
The Legend of Zaytsev
Do you know about a movie called “Enemy at the Gates?” If you do, then you probably are not familiar with the legendary sniper from the Soviet Red Army. Vasily Zaystev is one of the snipers who served the Soviet Union during the war, and he participated in the battle of Stalingrad. He became the legend of World War II because he killed at least 225 enemies with his sniper.
He started his step in the battle of Stalingrad as a sniper, and the environmental condition of Stalingrad made Zaystev become the deadliest sniper during that time. After the Soviet won the battle of Stalingrad, he and other Soviet soldiers marched to German with an estimated at least 2.000 to 8.000 kills confirmed. Thanks to his skill, Vasily Zaystev from the Soviet Union, along with Simo Hayha from Finland, was nominated as the best and successful sniper in the world. Both served in World War II.