World War II is one of the biggest and most impactful event in the history. It caused death of more than 55 millions of lives around the world. The conflict of World War II is the biggest and most destructive. The World War II is the continuation of World War I. It is called as impactful because the impact of this war is not only involved the countries in around Europe but all around the world. It influenced international relation. The fact is, the World War II brings huge changes to the political dynamic internationally. Not to mention that this war also bring huge destruction involving material and lives loss.
Officially, the war started with Germany’s invasion to Poland in September 1st 1939. However, there was also another version of how this war began. It was said that the war started when Japan colonialize Manchuria in around 1937. However, the former is what most people used to address the beginning of the war. Then, The United Kingdom and France responded to it by proclaiming war to Germany.
World War I
The World War I was also considered as impactful event which left people traumatized and need recovery from site like http://22.214.171.124/. There were peace efforts here and there to avoid further conflict and that’s when The World’s Nation was built. People were afraid that the war would continue somehow so they thought that by building this international organization, there would not be continuation of the the World War I. Unfortunately, the World’s Nation didn’t have much power at that time. It was shown by how Italy attacked Ethiopia in 1935 freely.
This caused major suspicions in the inside of the organizations. The members were no longer believe in the organization’s fairness and justice. This drove them to build their own power by establishing their military power as defensive mechanism. This caused three groups to build; democracy, fascism, and communist. It was also said that the World War II was the form of revenge for those countries that were defeated in the World War I. It got even worse when Germany joined forces with Italy under Adolf Hitler’s and Benito Mussolini’s command.
Germany with Nazi under the command of Adolf Hitler started invading Danzig Harbor in Poland in the beginning of September 1939. They also continued to attack Austria and Czechoslovakia. Military aggression from Germany was said to be the flame of the World War II in Europe. Few days later, The United Kingdom and France stated war against Germany. Then, Italy, as the ally of Germany also stated war against France and The United Kingdom. That way, Germany held bigger power with the support of Italy.
After so many attacks and victims, Germany and Nazi were defeated during Stalingrad Battle. The Red Army under the command of Marsekal Georgy Zhukov launched an attack to Stalingrad, taking advantage of the weaken state of Germany armies. Two days later, Marsekal Friedrich admitted the defeat. Stalingrad Battle is said to be the scariest battle in history because the deaths were more than 3 millions.
The end of World War II with the involvement of The United States
People around the world must have known about Pearl Harbor attack by Japan in December 7th 1941. Japan also attacked another American fleets in Philippine as well as in the United Kingdom, Borneo, Malaya, and other Asian areas. Furthermore, there were various invasions and operations led by the Allies Big Four (the United States, The United Kingdom, China, and The Soviet Union). Then in August 8th 1945, Soviet Union proclaimed a war against Japan. A day later, the Allies dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Japanese cities. That’s the beginning of the end of the World War II.
Prisoners of war are those who were captured during a war. One of the worst is during World War II because there were so many prisoners of war from both sides were captured. However, the worst one were those who were captured by Japanese. They were captured and placed in Japanese prisoners of war camps with little to no accommodation.
The Japanese camps were in various places including http://126.96.36.199, Taiwan, Japan, and other Japanese occupied countries. They were both military personnel and civilians. They were then forced to work under slave-like condition. Lots of them died due to illness, starvation, and abuse.
It was reported that the death rate in Japanese camps at was so much higher than German or Italian camps. It had 27% of death rate while in German camp, it was 4%. It was already known that the abuse that the prisoners suffered during their time in Japanese camps was the worst in the history. Beating was already common especially when they failed to follow instructions. Various punishments and rules were made by Japanese to suit their liking. That’s why, even the surviving POWs are still traumatized until now. The time in the Japanese camp is said to be ‘in hell’.
There was a case when prisoners tried to escape the Japanese camp. However, they were caught and received punishment. The punishments of those who tried to escape were varied from one camp to another. In some camps, the punishment was to let the prisoners to starve for days. In other camps, the punishment was harder. Those who got caught trying to escape would be executed in front of other prisoners.
Thousands of British servicemen were also part of the brutality of Japanese camp during World War II. A quarter died in captivity and the rest returned home damaged and sick. Lethal conditions were inevitable for them during their time in the camp. The prisoners only received less than a cup of rice a day which led to malnutrition and starvation. Diseases were inevitable in such condition. Several diseases suffered by prisoners included malaria, dysentery, tropical ulcers, etc.
Those who survived their time in Japanese camps were those who formed a bond with other fellow prisoners. They took care of each other including when one of them got sick. They took turn washing when one of them was in worse condition due to sickness or injury. Without mates, the risk to die was higher.
The World War II is one of the greatest things to know in history. It has impacts to various fields in life such as politic, economy, international affiliation, and many more. It is also claimed as the most destructive because the number of casualties and deaths are huge. 60 millions lives lost during the war. Even people who remain alive until now are still traumatized. Peace is now maintained through various efforts so that there won’t be any continuation of the World War II. The United Nations is one of the efforts to maintain world peace.
Here are things about the World War II that not many people know about:
- It was said that if Japan didn’t surrender after the two bombings, the Allies would drop the third bomb on Tokyo, which was basically the heart of Japan. The two Japanese cities bombed during the World War II were Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
- There was American soldier considered as the youngest during World War II. He was Calvin Graham, 12 years old when he joined the force. He lied about his age when he signed in. he was caught lying by medical team when he was treated after having injury.
- About 600,000 Jewish became armies of American forces during the World War II. More than 35,000 were killed, injured, caught, and gone. About 8,000 people died in the battle. However, only two Jewish received the Medal of Honor at http://188.8.131.52.
- During the period of 1940-1945, military expense of the United States increased from $1.9 million to $59.8 million. In 1941, every soldier was paid $21 per month. In 1942, their fee increased to $50 per month.
- The attack to Pearl Harbor was one of the most unforgettable moments during the World War II. When the attack happened, there were about 96 ships in the harbor. 18 of them sank and broken included 8 war ships. More than 2,000 American died during the attack and more than 1,200 people injured.
- In July 1941, The Soviet Union introduced weapon named the Katsuya that could shoot 300 rockets in 25 seconds. Fifty years after, the weapon was still functional.
- Adolf Hitler was the one who designed the flag of Nazi. The red represented the social idea of Nazism. The white represented nationalism, and the black symbolized Arya fight. Hitler committed suicide in April 30th Then Germany surrendered in May 7th 1945 to the Allies.
Being a prisoner of war during World War II by Japanese might be one of the worst thing to happen. However, it was a fact suffered by many people during the World War II when lots of people were under slave-like conditions in various Japanese prisoners of war (POW) camps. The locations of the Japanese camps were scattered everywhere such as Singapore, Taiwan, Japan, and other Japanese occupied countries. People who got captured were both military personnel as well as civilians who enjoy playing at http://184.108.40.206.
The security of Japanese POWs camps were very tight. The camps were surrounded and encircled by bribed wire as well as wooden fencing. Thus, it was hard for prisoners to escape. Even if they tried to escape, they would receive death as punishment. They would be executed in front of other prisoners right away. Public execution was not something new in Japanese POWs camp. That might be one of the reasons why the case of escape attempt was rare at that time.
It was reported that one in three died due to various reasons but mostly from starvation, malnutrition, ulcer, diseases, and other kind of mistreatments. There were also survivors who survived after the World War II ended. However, it still left scar for the survivors and their families to remember their time in the camps.
POW labor was worst at that time because prisoners were forced to work 12 hours a day with little to no foods. Their diet was limited to rice and vegetables. They rarely got fat on their diet so malnutrition was inevitable. Even if the prisoners were healthy, the chance of getting sick was still high.
There were about 27,000 Americans taken prisoners by Japanese during World War II. However, 40% of them died in captivity. It was also reported that Japanese prisoner camp was so much worse compared to Italian or German camps. The surviving POWs are still traumatized until now and families demanding for apology.
It was fact that the prisoners of wars in Japanese camps during World War II were treated badly with the lack of necessities to be provided. Prisoners were forced to work in various places such as mines. Some of them were also transferred to other places to build bridges, railway, and many more. Lots of them died in starvation as well as illness. Up till now, Japanese prisoner of wars camp is the worst nightmare in the history related to the World War II.
The World War II is never forgotten. It is the most impactful war in history. It also influences how the world is working today. Political policies, military empowerment, as well as ideologies were involved in World War II. There are unforgettable facts revolves around World War II which worth to remember.
The history of how the World War II started might have been known by every single person in the world. There are painful facts as well as interesting facts about the war though. Here are some interesting facts about World War II you might want to know about:
- It is not secret that World War II is recorded as the most destructive war in history. The scale is on another level and nothing can compared to it. Not only did it took huge expense, but it also caused destruction in larger scale which caused some changes in various departments at http://220.127.116.11 compared to other wars in history.
- The majority of deaths were the Soviet Union. The total number of deaths during World War II was estimated around 60 millions all around the world. And 21 millions of them were from The Soviet Union side. About 1.5 million children died during the holocaust as well. About 80% of men born in 1923 also died throughout the war.
- Throughout 1939 to 1945, more than 3.4 million tons of bombs were dropped by the Allied. So, it could be counted that the average bombs dropped each month was around 27.7 thousand tons.
- Throughout the World War II, Germany only did declared war to the United States officially once. The rest, they just invaded and attacked other countries without declaration beforehand. Throughout the war, there were various war crimes committed which resulted in deaths of many civilians.
- There were various battles happened during World War II. One of the most known was Battle at Stalingrad. It was a battle between Germany and The Soviet Union in 1942-1943. It was the biggest battle during World War II which caused 800 thousand to 1.6 million deaths. Not only was it the biggest battle, but it was also the turning point of World War II in Europe.
- Aside from the biggest battle, there was also the longest battle in the history of World War II. It was the Battle of the Atlantic. It happened for about six years which was started from 1939 to 1945.
There are many things that can’t be forgotten when it comes to World War II, including the brutality in the prisoners of war camps. Japanese prisoner of war camp was the most brutal place to ever been during World War II. People who got captured by Japanese were thrown into the camp. They received various tortures and punishments for mistakes. One in three prisoners died from various reasons such as work, starvation, punishment, and diseases. Things got worse because there were no treatments or medicines for treating those who got sick in the camp.
There were many Japanese prisoners of war camps in many places such as Japan, Singapore, Taiwan, and other countries occupied by Japanese such as Indonesia. The camps in Japan became a place to put in captured military personnel as well as civilians. The most horrible things about the camp was that the rules made by Japanese to decide what kind of punishments they found suitable. The camps were also in tight security so the chance to escape was almost little to none. Even if some prisoners tried to escape, they would get captured easily and received harder punishments even death.
The camps were secured with barbed wire as well as wooden fencing. If the prisoners attempted to escape, they would get executed directly in public where other prisoners could watch. That’s why escape attempts were rare because the prisoners didn’t want to take risks of being executed.
The accommodation of Japanese prisoners of war camps
The accommodation of the camp was in barracks. Prisoners slept on mats given by the Japanese. The majority of prisoners were put to works in various places such as http://18.104.22.168, mines, shipyards, fields, factories, etc. The problems was, only few Japanese guards could spoke English at that time. Thus, Japanese forced the internees to learn their language instead so they could understand all commands given. When they failed to follow instructions, they would be given a beating and any other kind of punishment. There was morning routine called Tenko in the camp where prisoners had to count on loudly their number in Japanese.
The prisoners were struggled a lot during their time in the camp because they were force to work on a diet of less than 700 calories per day. They were forced to work 12 to 16 hours in day with lack of food in their system. Their foods were mostly seaweed and soya bean. They were rarely given fatty foods in their diet. Sometimes, they were given green stew, barley, and fish or meat sometimes. That’s why lots of them died in starvation.
Treated as Slaves
The worst nightmare suffered by prisoners was when the prisoners were transferred to build Burma-Thailand railway. They were suffered the most because they were forced to work 16 hours a day to build a 260 mile railroad without sufficient tools. They were forced to work like a slave with little foods given. They should work for ten days on with only one day off. They worked by moving earth, laying track, building bridges, and blasting through mountains. Lots of prisoners couldn’t survive this condition because their only source of foods were rice and some vegetables. They suffered from worst condition such as malnutrition, cholera, and even ulcers. It was estimated that 13,000 of 61,000 prisoners died during this labor.
There was comparison of the death rate in POW (prisoners of war) in German camps and Japanese camps. The rate in Japanese camps was 27% while in German camps was 4%. The factors were mostly due to brutal mistreatment, summary execution, malnutrition, tropical diseases, and weaken immune system. Beatings, depression, and hunger were common in Japanese prisoners of war camps.
The biggest conflict almost 70 years ago still holds huge impact to today’s international relation. The World War II is the most destructive conflict in history with the number of casualties to millions. The war was the continuation of the World War I. However, it happened to be in larger scale. It didn’t involve only countries in Europe but other countries in the world.
People were suffered throughout the war and that’s why it was hard for them to just forget the biggest war in the planet especially because the impact still very much attached to today’s international relation. The World War II ended in 1945 after the United States dropped atomic bombs to two Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan officially surrendered on September 2, 1945 and that’s the end of the war.
End of World War II
As the war ended, people are still afraid of the war to continue. That’s why many countries agreed to form the United Nations to maintain world peace. It came to existence officially on October 24, 1945. The permanent members of the UN’s Security Council at that time were the United Kingdom, China, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States. They remain as the permanent members to the present. Meanwhile, Germany had been de facto divided after the war ended. They were divided into the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic.
It was quite hard to estimate the specific number of casualties of the World War II because of many unrecorded deaths. It was reported that more than 60 millions lives lost in the war in which 20 million of them are military personnel and 40 million of them are civilians.
The World War II remains as the biggest and most destructive war in history. The causes of civilians’ death were mostly due to massacres, genocide, starvation, mass-bombings, and diseases.
It was estimated that around 85% of deaths of World War II were on the Allied side. They were mostly from China and Soviet. Japanese occupation forces also caused of many deaths in Asia, approximately around 3 millions. And ore than 10 millions of deaths in Pacific.
There were so many casualties of axis forces as well. They employed biological and chemical weapons to use during the invasion in various countries. The weapons were tested against civilians and prisoners of war sometimes. The World War II is something unforgettable and traumatizing for people around the world until now.